Yerevan is a modern capital of Armenia and one of the most interesting cities in the Caucasus. The name of the city has to do with many legends, and one of them tells us that Noah during the world-wide flood saw the land at the place of the current location of Yerevan, and exclaimed, "Yerevantc" (which is Armenian for , "she has appeared!") from there according to the legend derives the name of Yerevan. Another version is that the city was named after the Armenian king Erevand IV, the last representative of the dynasty and the founder of the city Orontid Yervandashat. However, it is highly likely that it derives from the name of Urartian military fortress of Erebuni, which was built on the territory of modern Yerevan in 782 BC.
Today, Yerevan is the city with a variety of architectural styles, green walkways, numerous fountains, with a lot of theaters, museums, shops and restaurants. But the best thing about Yerevan is the people with unusual proud Caucasian appearance, expressive black eyebrows and eyes, and welcoming smiles, always ready to accept hospitably anyone who comes to see the beauty of the city or interested in Armenian culture.
Location of Yerevan
Yerevan is located in an area of 300 square km., in north-eastern part of the Ararat valley, in the central part of the Armenian plateau.
The climate is continental, droughty. Summer is hot and dry, winters are mild with little snowy. Autumn is sunny and long, it is warm up to mid-November. Spring is short and starts from March, the hot summer lasts more than 4-months. Late spring and early autumn are the best times to take Armenia tours.
Population of Yerevan
The population of Yerevan is 1,356 million. Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, most of the population of Yerevan were Armenians, as well as Russian, Kurds, Azeris and Iranians. Today, the national composition of Armenia is the most homogeneous among all the former Soviet republics, Armenians make up 95.66% of the population, Russians, Ukrainians, Kurds, Greeks, Assyrians make up the rest.
Yerevan is the industrial center of the country, there are numerous industrial enterprises, 98% of which were created after 1917, industrial output in 1970 in comparison with 1940 increased 30 times more. The city is also a central energy center, which produces the bulk of the electricity in the country. The main industries here are represented by engineering, metalworking, chemical, petrochemical, food processing and light industries.
Architecture of Yerevan
Yerevan`s architecture is unique and diverse, ranging from modern buildings to unique historical monuments, evidence of the ancient past of the city. Architectural Center of new Yerevan is the Republic Square. There are two of the Government Houses, History Museum of Armenia, the world`s largest institute, museum - depository of ancient Armenian manuscripts, Matenadaran, Opera and Ballet Theatre with Khachaturian Philharmonic Hall on the Republic Square. The project and the model of the theater were presented in 1936 at the World Exhibition, in Paris, where it received the Grand Prix. In 1968 was opened the ErebuniMuseum, dedicated to the history of Erebuni and Teishebaini. In Yerevan, one of the oldest cities in the world, one can see many architectural monuments, among which are the ruins of a Roman fortress, the Turkish fort of the XVIth century, the mosque of the XVIIIth century, Katoghike church (the XIIIth century) and Zoravar Church (the XVII-XVIIIth centuries).
History of Yerevan
The first record of Yerevan was found in the historical literature of the VIth century. Archaeological excavations and cuneiform inscriptions indicated that modern Yerevan appeared at the fortress Erebuni, built by Urartian king Argishti I in 782 BC., and presumably hence derives the name of the city. Since the mid of the XIIIth century the role of Yerevan, as the political and economic center in connection with the emergence of caravan routes passing through Yerevan.